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Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. The female reproductive system contains two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus and they are estrogen and progesterone.

Ovarian cancer most of the time goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. At this late stage, ovarian cancer is more difficult to treat. Early stage ovarian cancer, can be treated successfully. Surgery and chemotherapy are generally used to treat ovarian cancer.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

Early-stage ovarian cancer rarely causes any symptoms. Advanced-stage ovarian cancer may cause few.

Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include:

  • Abdominal bloating or swelling
  • Quickly feeling full when eating
  • Weight loss
  • Discomfort in the pelvis area
  • Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
  • A frequent need to urinates.

Types of ovarian cancer

Epithelial tumors:

Epithelial tumors begin in the thin layer of tissue that covers the outside of the ovaries. About 90 percent of ovarian cancers are epithelial tumors.

Stromal tumors:

Stromal tumors begin in the ovarian tissue that contains hormone-producing cells. These tumors are usually diagnosed at an earlier stage than other ovarian tumors. About 7 percent of ovarian tumors are stromal.

Germ cell tumors:

Germ cell tumors begin in the egg-producing cells. These rare ovarian cancers tend to occur in younger women.

Risk factors

Factors that can increase your risk of ovarian cancer include:

Older age:

Ovarian cancer can occur at any age but is most common in women ages 50 to 60 years.

Inherited gene mutations:

A small percentage of ovarian cancers are caused by gene mutations you inherit from your parents. The genes known to increase the risk of ovarian cancer are called breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2). These genes also increase the risk of breast cancer.

Other gene mutations, including those associated with Lynch syndrome, are known to increase the risk of ovarian cancer.

Family history of ovarian cancer:

People with two or more close relatives with ovarian cancer have an increased risk of the disease.

Estrogen hormone replacement therapy:

especially with long-term use and in large doses.

Age when menstruation started and ended:

Beginning menstruation at an early age or starting menopause at a later age, or both, may increase the risk of ovarian cancer.

Prevention

Natural Prevention:

Studies show that diet and lifestyle changes may help to reduce the risk factors of getting ovarian cancer. Foods that contain fiber, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory properties, omega-3 fatty acid, essential minerals, anti-cancerous elements can prevent ovarian cancer.

We should eat plenty amount of green vegetables, sea fish, fresh fruits, healthy herbs and seeds to be fit and healthy.

Regular consumption of few foods like Ashwagandha, ginger, green tea, chia seeds, Basil Seeds, Cauliflower, Black Plum etc. may help to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer.

Lifestyle and other important factors that plays important role in Ovarian cancer prevention:

  • Women should clean their vagina regularly.
  • Maintaining hygiene is an important factor.
  • Regular physical exercise is also important.
  • Regular screening or examination for diagnosis.

There are a few foods we should consume regularly besides our regular meals to prevent Ovarian Cancer:

Chia Seed

Chia Seeds (চিয়া বীজ) are very good sources of fiber and omega-3 fats, along with a number of other nutrients. Chia seeds are extremely rich in fiber, antioxidants and several other nutrients which make them highly nutritious for daily consumption.  “1 ounce (28 gm.) of Chia seeds ( চিয়া বীজ) contains:” Calories: 137 Fiber: 10.6 grams Protein: 4.4 grams […]

Black Plum

Black plums are actually olive-sized fruit dark purple in color and has a juicy, sour taste. Black Plumps are extremely versatile too – you can turn them into jams, milkshakes, juices, or simply add them to vegetable or fruit salads or can be eaten with chilly powder and salt mix. Black Plum is a Powerful […]

Basil Seeds

Basil seeds are extracted from the seeds of Ocium sanctum (Basil) plant which is black in color. The health benefits of basil seeds are numerous. They look similar to sesame seeds but are black. The type that you eat typically comes from sweet basil plants; which is the plant commonly used to season foods. It […]

Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha (অশ্বগন্ধা) is a plant. The root and berry are used to make medicine. Ashwagandha is used for arthritis, anxiety, bipolar disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), trouble sleeping (insomnia), tumors, tuberculosis, asthma, bronchitis, menstrual problems, hiccups, and chronic liver disease. It is also used to reduce the side effects of medications […]

Ginger

Ginger is among the healthiest and one of the most delicious spices on the planet. It is actually a special type of root that grows under the soil. We use ginger in many dishes every day. It is over loaded with nutrients and bio active compounds that have powerful benefits for your body and brain. […]

Cauliflower

Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable that is naturally high in fiber and B-vitamins. Cauliflower is an extremely healthy vegetable that’s a significant source of nutrients. It also contains unique plant compounds that may reduce the risk of several diseases, including heart disease and cancer. Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable that looks like a white version […]

Green Tea

Green tea is a popular beverage consumed worldwide. In recent years, it has also gained popularity as a health drink. Green tea is made from non-oxidized leaves and is one of the less processed types of tea. It therefore contains the most antioxidants and beneficial polyphenols. Green tea contains a number of bio active compounds […]

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