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Colon Cancer

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Colon cancer is one of the most common type of gastrointestinal cancer. It is a disease process of multifactorial which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the colon and inflammatory conditions of the digestive tract.

Colon cancer is when large cells undergo a specific process of cell division and cells grow at abnormal rates. Most colon cancers are the result of abnormal growth of adenomatous polyps. First, the polyp is formed in the small cell body of the epidermis. Gradually, the cancer develops from the polyp and then invades the healthy tissue, spreading inside the body.

  • Risk of developing colon cancer make effects of Health.
  • Blood in the seat or a variation in bowel habits to Signs of colon Cancer.
  • Experiments that observe the colon and rectum are used to discover and detect colon cancer.
  • The large intestine actions primarily as a storage capacity for waste; however, additional water, salts, and some vitamins are further removed.
Here are the stages of Colon cancer:

Stage 1. The cancer has penetrated the lining, or mucosa, of the colon or rectum but hasn’t spread to the organ walls.

Stage 2. The cancer has spread to the walls of the colon or rectum but hasn’t affected the lymph nodes or nearby tissues yet.

Stage 3. The cancer has moved to the lymph nodes but not to other parts of the body yet. Usually, one to three lymph nodes are involved at this stage.

Stage 4. The cancer has spread to other distant organs, such as the liver or lungs.

Symptoms of Colon Cancer:

Signs and symptoms of colon cancer tend not to be specific. In other words, the signs and symptoms can occur due to a number of different conditions. When colon cancer is detected in its early stages, it may not have even caused symptoms. Symptoms can also vary according to the specific location within the colon where the tumor is located.

Some symptoms and signs of colon cancer are:
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool,
  • Dark-colored stool,
  • Acute abdominal pain
  • Change in bowel habits,
  • The food comes out of the stomach
  • Change in stool consistency,
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Constipation,
  • Diarrhea,
  • Narrow stools.
  • jaundice

Causes of Colon Cancer:

Greatest cases of colon cancer initiate from noncancerous tumors called adenomatous polyps. Usually, Human’s cells follow an orderly process of growth, division, and death. Though, cancer develops when cells grow and divide wildly.

There are many reason of Colon Cancer:

  • Malignant tumors to other parts of the body over the blood and lymph systems by cancerous cells may spread.
  • These kinds of cancer cells can grow and attack healthy tissue nearby and during the body in a process known as metastasis. The result is a additional serious, less treatable condition.

The particular causes are unknown, but colon cancer has several potential risk factors:

 

  • Intestinal polyps (chronic cases),
  • Chronic ulceration colitis
  • Hereditary  causes may cause a mutation in the gene that subsequently accelerates colon cancer. In addition, if a relative of someone’s blood is infected with colon cancer, the risk of developing colon cancer increases.
  • Eating extra cows or goats is also absent in the dietary diet.

Risk factors for Colon cancer:

Traits, habits, and diet

Colon cancer is more likely to mark those with quiet lifestyles, those with heaviness, and individuals who use tobacco.

As the colon is part of the intestinal system, diet and food play central roles in its development.

Primary conditions

Some of treatments and conditions have relations to an enlarged risk of colon cancer. Such as –

  • Diabetes
  • Having experienced radiation therapy for other cancers
  • Acromegaly, which is a Growth hormone disorder by

Polyps

The best public types of polyps are:

Hyperplastic Polyps: Colon cancer hardly grows from hyperplastic polyps, as they are naturally caring.

Adenomas Polyps: Adenomas may look like the covering of a healthy colon but appear different below a microscope. They can become cancerous.

Prevention of Colon Cancer:

Prevention

No guaranteed way to prevent colon cancer but can control with healthy life style. However, some preventive measures include:

Natural Prevention:

Studies show that diet and lifestyle changes may help to reduce the risk factors of getting colon cancer. Foods that contain fiber, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory properties, omega-3 fatty acid, essential minerals, anti-cancerous elements can prevent colon cancer.

We can easily find these anti cancerous foods at our near stores. We must maintain a healthy diet consists of lots of green vegetables, nuts, healthy seeds, few essential herbs and fruits in our daily diet chart. Healthy diet and disciplined life is very important to be fit and healthy.

Various types of green vegetables and herbs like chives, basil leaf, Mushroom, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Bitter Gourd, Broccoli, carrots, Cabbage etc. help in the prevention of colon cancer.

Few healthy seeds and nuts have the anti-cancerous property that help in reducing the risk of colon cancer. Such as: pistachios, chia seeds, Basil Seeds, etc.

Few special kinds of herbs and masala like Ashwagandha, garlic, Ginger, cloves, green tea may help in the prevention of colon cancer.

Fruits like Fig fruit, Papaya, Guava, avocado has also positive impact in colon cancer prevention.

 

Lifestyle and other important factors that play important role in colon cancer prevention:

  • limiting the intake of saturated fats and red meat
  • Avoid drinking
  • Quit smoking
  • Keeping the weight under control and maintaining a healthy weight
  • At least 5 minutes’ walk/exercising daily.
  • Regular screening or examination for diagnosis.

There are a few foods we should consume regularly beside our meals to prevent Colon Cancer:

Chia Seed

Chia Seeds (চিয়া বীজ) are very good sources of fiber and omega-3 fats, along with a number of other nutrients. Chia seeds are extremely rich in fiber, antioxidants and several other nutrients which make them highly nutritious for daily consumption.  “1 ounce (28 gm.) of Chia seeds ( চিয়া বীজ) contains:” Calories: 137 Fiber: 10.6 grams Protein: 4.4 grams […]

Fig Fruit

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Chives

Chives are part of the allium family of vegetables and herbs. This family also includes garlic, scallions, onions, etc. In the Asian subcontinent, we commonly eat the onion or garlic chives. Commonly, Chives come in two types – onion chives (the most common chives) and Chinese chives (called garlic chives). While onion chives have hollow […]

Olive

Olive is a fruit that has a sour, tangy, salty taste and it is very tasty to eat with chilly and salt. People use olives to make oil, pickles and can use in various dishes like salad, sandwiches, vegetables, dal, etc. also. People have cultivated olive trees for more than 7,000 years, and they have […]

Mushroom

Mushrooms are a superfood, and one of the most health-promoting foods on the planet. Mushrooms are an edible fungus that can provide several important nutrients. The many kinds of mushrooms have varying compositions and nutritional profiles. Mushrooms are packed with nutritional value. They are low in calories, are great sources of fiber and protein. They […]

Pumpkin

Pumpkin is a type of squash that belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. It is mainly a winter vegetable but can be grown throughout the year. It is rich in fiber, tastes slightly sweet and has a juicy texture with a great taste. Pumpkin is bright orange inside and its seeds are equally healthy like the […]

Papaya Fruit

Papaya is a fruit that can eat as a vegetable when it is green and it becomes a tasty, juicy fruit when it became soft tender and orange inside. Papaya is deliciously sweet with musky undertones and a soft, butter-like consistency; it is no wonder the papaya is reputably called the “fruit of the angels”. […]

Basil Seeds

Basil seeds are extracted from the seeds of Ocium sanctum (Basil) plant which is black in color. The health benefits of basil seeds are numerous. They look similar to sesame seeds but are black. The type that you eat typically comes from sweet basil plants; which is the plant commonly used to season foods. It […]

Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha (অশ্বগন্ধা) is a plant. The root and berry are used to make medicine. Ashwagandha is used for arthritis, anxiety, bipolar disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), trouble sleeping (insomnia), tumors, tuberculosis, asthma, bronchitis, menstrual problems, hiccups, and chronic liver disease. It is also used to reduce the side effects of medications […]

Garlic

Garlic is an herb or masala that is grown around the world but it is a very famous masala among the Asian countries.Garlic is  commonly used for the health conditions related to the heart and blood system. These health conditions also include high blood pressure, high levels of cholesterol or other fats  in the blood […]

Ginger

Ginger is among the healthiest and one of the most delicious spices on the planet. It is actually a special type of root that grows under the soil. We use ginger in many dishes every day. It is over loaded with nutrients and bio active compounds that have powerful benefits for your body and brain. […]

Cloves

Cloves are the flower buds of the clove tree. Cloves contain fiber, vitamins, and minerals, so using whole or ground cloves add flavor to dishes as well as provide some important nutrient. Cloves have many health benefits. Cloves are low in calories and provide some fiber, manganese, vitamin K and vitamin C. People have been […]

Pistachios

Pistachios are the type of nut that comes from a deciduous tree believed to have originated from Central Asia. Although most consider them a nut, pistachios are seeds from the pistachio tree. Pistachio nuts are not only tasty and fun to eat but also super healthy. It contains healthy fats and are a good source […]

Cauliflower

Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable that is naturally high in fiber and B-vitamins. Cauliflower is an extremely healthy vegetable that’s a significant source of nutrients. It also contains unique plant compounds that may reduce the risk of several diseases, including heart disease and cancer. Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable that looks like a white version […]

Bitter Gourd

Bitter gourd is a vegetable that is relished for its benefits and hated for its bitter taste. It is an excellent source of vitamins B1, B2, and B3, C, magnesium, folate, zinc, phosphorus, manganese, and has high dietary fiber. It is rich in iron and contains twice the beta-carotene of broccoli, twice the calcium of […]

Green Tea

Green tea is a popular beverage consumed worldwide. In recent years, it has also gained popularity as a health drink. Green tea is made from non-oxidized leaves and is one of the less processed types of tea. It therefore contains the most antioxidants and beneficial polyphenols. Green tea contains a number of bio active compounds […]

Broccoli

When it comes to great-tasting nutrition, broccoli is an all-star food with many health benefits. While low in calories, broccoli is rich in essential vitamins and minerals, in addition to fiber. Broccoli belongs to the cruciferous vegetable family, which includes kale, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, bok-choy, cabbage, collard greens, rutabaga, and turnips. If you are trying […]

Basil Leaf

Basil or Holy Basil leaf is an herb belonging to the mint family. Basil leaf offered benefits include reducing inflammation, and it is said to have anti-aging and antibacterial properties. There are a few types of basil plants. The most popular are sweet basil, lemon basil, holy basil, and Thai basil. Though there are some […]

Carrots

The carrot is a vegetable with a bright orange color and it is grown under the ground. Carrots are basically root vegetables which consist of numerous health benefits. It is sweet ,crunchy, tasty, and highly nutritious. Carrots are often thought of as the ultimate health food. Carrots contain beta carotene, fiber, vitamin K1, potassium, and […]

Cabbage

Cabbage, which is often taken into the same category as lettuce because of their similar appearance, is actually a part of the cruciferous vegetable family. Cabbage is a leafy green, red, or white vegetable that is grown annually. The cabbage may help protect against radiation, prevent cancer, and reduce heart disease risk. There are more […]

Colon Cancer

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